American Association of Suicidology

I have decided to post information on mental health and suicide this month in memory of our son Isaiah, who took his life October 23, 2012.  He was 14.  Sorry if this is all depressing but I think we should know what so many people face on a daily basis.

Since this document may be overwhelming to read, let me summarize a few key points:

The national percentage of suicides in America – 12.4% of deaths.

Average of 1 person every 13.7 minutes killed themselves.

Leading Causes of Death 15-24 yrs.

Firearm suicides 50.5% All but Firearms 49.5% 
Suffocation/Hanging 24.7% Poisoning 17.2% 
Cut/pierce 1.8% Drowning 1.1% 

10th highest cause of death (all ages)  Suicide

The northwest has the highest suicide rate (1 Wyoming 23.2% )

 

The following is the report in detail:

U.S.A. SUICIDE: 2010 OFFICIAL FINAL DATA

Number Per Day Rate % of Deaths Group (Number of Suicides) Rate
Nation ……………………… 38,364 ………. 105.1 ………. 12.4 ………… 1.6 White Male (27,422) ……………. 22.6
Males ……………………….. 30,277 ………… 83.0 ………. 20.0 ………… 2.5 White Female (7,268) ……………. 5.9
Females ……………………… 8,087 ………… 22.2 ………… 5.2 ………… 0.7 Nonwhite Male (2,855) ………….. 9.4
Whites ……………………… 34,690 ………… 95.0 ………. 14.1 ………… 1.6 Nonwhite Female (819) …………. 2.5
Nonwhites ………………….. 3,674 ………… 10.1 ………… 5.8 ………… 1.0 Black Male (1,755) ……………… 8.7
Blacks …………………….. 2,144 ………….. 5.9 ………… 5.1 ………… 0.7 Black Female (389) ……………… 1.8
Elderly (65+ yrs.) ………… 5,994 ………… 16.4 ………. 14.9 ………… 0.3 Hispanic (2,661) …………………… 5.3
Young (15-24 yrs.) ………. 4,600 ………… 12.6 ………. 10.5 ………. 15.6 Native Americans (469) ……….. 11.0
Asian/Pacific Islanders (1,061) .. 6.2 __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Fatal Outcomes (Suicides): a rate increase was seen from 2009 to 2010, continuing the recent rate increases after long-term trends of decline
• Average of 1 person every 13.7 minutes killed themselves
• Average of 1 old person every 1 hour and 28 minutes killed themselves
• Average of 1 young person every 1 hour and 54 minutes killed themselves. (If the 274 suicides below age 15 are included, 1
young person every 1 hour and 48 minutes) Leading Causes of Death 15-24 yrs
• 10th ranking cause of death in U.S.— 3rd for young ————————————>> Cause Number Rate
• 3.7 male deaths by suicide for each female death by suicide All Causes 29,951 67.7
• Suicide ranks 10th as a cause of death; Homicide ranks 16th (16,259; rate=5.3) | 1-Accidents 12,341 28.3
Nonfatal Outcomes (Attempts) (figures are estimates; no official U.S. national data compiled): | 2-Homicide 4,678 10.7
• 959,100 annual attempts in U.S. (using 25:1 ratio); 2010 SAMHSA study: 1.1 million adults (18 and up) | 3-Suicide 4,600 10.5 • Translates to one attempt every 32 seconds (based on 959,100 attempts) [1.1 million = 1 every 29 seconds] | 10-14 yrs 267 1.3
• 25 attempts for every death by suicide for nation (one estimate); 100-200:1 for young; 4:1 for elderly 15-19 yrs 1,659 7.5
• 3 female attempts for each male attempt 20-24 yrs 2,941 13.6
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Survivors (i.e., family members and friends of a loved one who died by suicide):
• Each suicide intimately affects at least 6 other people (estimate; no official national data and minimal study data)
• Based on the 796,672 suicides from 1986 through 2010 and using 6 survivors per suicide, estimated that the number of survivors
of suicides in the U.S. is 4.78 million (1 of every 65 Americans in 2010); number grew by at least 230,184 in 2010
• If there is a suicide every 13.7 minutes, then there are at least 6 new survivors every 13.7 minutes as well __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Suicide Methods Number Rate Percent of Total Number Rate Percent of Total
Firearm suicides 19,392 6.3 50.5% All but Firearms 18,972 6.1 49.5%
Suffocation/Hanging 9,493 3.1 24.7% Poisoning 6,599 2.1 17.2%
Cut/pierce 673 0.2 1.8% Drowning 409 0.1 1.1% __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
U.S.A. Suicide Rates 2000-2010 || 15 Leading Causes of Death in the U.S.A., 2010
Group/ (Rates per 100,000 population) Group/ || (total of 2,468,435 deaths; 799.5 rate)
Age 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Age || Rank & Cause of Death Rate Deaths
5-14 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 5-14 || 1 Diseases of heart (heart disease) 193.6 597,689
15-24 10.4 9.9 9.9 9.7 10.3 10.0 9.9 9.7 10.0 10.1 10.5 15-24 || 2 Malignant neoplasms (cancer) 186.2 574,743
25-34 12.8 12.8 12.6 12.7 12.7 12.4 12.3 13.0 12.9 12.8 14.0 25-34 || 3 Chronic lower respiratory diseases 44.7 138,080
35-44 14.6 14.7 15.3 14.9 15.0 14.9 15.1 15.6 15.9 16.1 16.0 35-44 || 4 Cerebrovascular diseases (stroke) 41.9 129,476
45-54 14.6 15.2 15.7 15.9 16.6 16.5 17.2 17.7 18.7 19.3 19.6 45-54 || 5 Accidents (unintentional injuries) 39.1 120,859
55-64 12.3 13.1 13.6 13.8 13.8 13.9 14.5 15.5 16.3 16.7 17.5 55-64 || 6 Alzheimer’s disease 27.0 83,494
65-74 12.6 13.3 13.5 12.7 12.3 12.6 12.6 12.6 13.9 14.0 13.7 65-74 || 7 Diabetes mellitus (diabetes) 22.4 69,071
75-84 17.7 17.4 17.7 16.4 16.3 16.9 15.9 16.3 16.0 15.7 15.7 75-84 || 8 Nephritis, nephrosis (kidney disease) 16.3 50,476
85+ 19.4 17.5 18.0 16.9 16.4 16.9 15.9 15.6 15.6 15.6 17.6 85+ || 9 Influenza & pneumonia 16.2 50,097
65+ 15.3 15.3 15.6 14.6 14.3 14.7 14.2 14.3 14.8 14.8 14.9 65+ || 10 Suicide [Intentional Self-Harm] 12.4 38,364
Total 10.7 10.8 11.0 10.8 11.0 11.0 11.1 11.5 11.8 12.0 12.4 Total || 11 Septicemia 11.3 34,812
Men 17.5 17.6 17.9 17.6 17.7 17.7 17.8 18.3 19.0 19.2 20.0 Men || 12 Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis 10.3 31,903
Women 4.1 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.2 Women || 13 Essential hypertension and renal disease 8.6 26,634
White 11.7 11.9 12.2 12.1 12.3 12.3 12.4 12.9 13.3 13.5 14.1 White || 14 Parkinson’s disease 7.1 22,032
Nonwh 5.9 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.8 NonWh || 15 Pneuomonitis 5.5 17,011
Black 5.6 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9 5.2 5.1 5.1 Black || – All other causes (Residual) 156.7 483,694
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Old made up 13.0% of 2010 population but represented 15.6% of the suicides.
Young were 14.1% of 2010 population and comprised 12.0% of the suicides.
1,107,144* Years of Potential Life Lost Before Age 75 (35,344 of 38,364 suicides were below age 75) * WISQARS YPLL figure: 1,106,124 using individual years rather than 10-year age groups as above.
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Many figures appearing here are derived or calculated from data in the following official data source: obtained 18 September 2012 from CDC’s WISQARS website (fatal
injuries report figures) http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/index.html.

SAMHSA 2010 study (2012): Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration [SAMHSA] (2012, January). Results from the 2010 National Survey on Drug
Use and Health: Mental Health Findings, NSDUH Series H-42, HHS Publication No. (SMA) 11-4667. Rockville, MD: SAMHSA.

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
number of suicides by group Suicide Data Page: 2010
suicide rate = ————————————– X 100,000 20 September 2012 • updated 28 November 2012 population of group Prepared for AAS by John L. McIntosh, Ph.D. & Christopher W. Drapeau, M.A.
Rate, Number, and Ranking of Suicide for Each U.S.A. State*, 2010

Rank State [Division] (2009 rank) Deaths Rate
1 Wyoming [M] (4) 131 23.2
2 Alaska [P] (1) 164 23.1
3 Montana [M] (2) 227 22.9
4 Nevada [M] (5) 547 20.3
5 New Mexico [M] (3) 413 20.1
6 Idaho [M] (11T) 290 18.5
7 Oregon [P] (9) 685 17.9
8 Colorado [M] (6) 865 17.2
8 South Dakota [WNC] (25T) 140 17.2
10 Utah [M] (15T) 473 17.1
10 Arizona [M] (8) 1,093 17.1
12 Vermont [NE] (15T) 106 16.9
13 Oklahoma [WSC] (13) 618 16.5
14 North Dakota [WNC] (11T) 106 15.8
15 Arkansas [WSC] (17T) 447 15.3
16 Hawaii [P] (39T) 207 15.2
17 West Virginia [SA] (7) 279 15.1
18 New Hampshire [NE] (29T) 196 14.9
18 Tennessee [ESC] (20T) 943 14.9
20 Florida [SA] (17T) 2,789 14.8
21 Kentucky [ESC] (10) 631 14.5
22 Missouri [WNC] (20T) 856 14.3
23 Washington [P] (23) 957 14.2
23 Alabama [ESC] (25T) 679 14.2
25 Kansas [WNC] (19) 401 14.1
26 Maine [NE] (14) 186 14.0
27 Wisconsin [ENC] (24) 793 13.9
28 South Carolina [SA] (29T) 637 13.8
29 Indiana [ENC] (27) 864 13.3
30 Mississippi [ESC] (22) 388 13.1
31 Michigan [ENC] (35) 1,263 12.8
32 Ohio [ENC] (34) 1,439 12.5
United States – Total 38,364 12.4
33 Pennsylvania [MA] (32) 1,576 12.4
34 North Carolina [SA] (31) 1,174 12.3
34 Louisiana [WSC] (28) 557 12.3
34 Rhode Island [NE] (45) 129 12.3
37 Iowa [WNC] (38) 372 12.2
38 Virginia [SA] (33) 963 12.0
39 Delaware [SA] (36T) 106 11.8
40 Georgia [SA] (39T) 1,133 11.7
41 Texas [WSC] (41T) 2891 11.5
42 Minnesota [WNC] (36T) 606 11.4
43 Nebraska [WNC] (41T) 193 10.6
44 California [P] (43) 3,913 10.5
45 Connecticut [NE] (48) 353 9.9
46 Illinois [ENC] (46) 1,178 9.2
47 Massachusetts [NE] (47) 598 9.1
48 Maryland [SA] (44) 502 8.7
49 New Jersey [MA] (50) 719 8.2
50 New York [MA] (49) 1,547 8.0
51 District of Columbia [SA] (51) 41 6.8
Caution: Annual fluctuations in state levels combined with often
relatively small populations can make these data highly variable.
The use of several years’ data is preferable to conclusions based on
single years alone.
Suggested citation: McIntosh, J. L., & Drapeau, C. W. (for the American
Association of Suicidology). (2012). U.S.A. suicide 2010:
Official final data. Washington, DC: American Association of
Suicidology, dated November 28, 2012, downloaded from
http://www.suicidology.org.
Division [Abbreviation] Rate Number
Mountain [M] ………………………………….. 18.3 ……….. 4,039
East South Central [ESC] …………………. 14.3 ……….. 2,641
West North Central [WNC] ………………. 13.0 ……….. 2,674
South Atlantic [SA] …………………………. 12.8 ……….. 7,624
Nation ……………………………………………. 12.4 ……… 38,364
West South Central [WSC] ……………….. 12.4 ……….. 4,513
Pacific [P] ………………………………………. 11.9 ……….. 5,926
East North Central [ENC] …………………. 11.9 ……….. 5,537
New England [NE] ………………………….. 10.9 ……….. 1,568
Middle Atlantic [MA] ………………………… 9.4 ……….. 3,842

Region [Subdivision Abbreviations] Rate Number
West (M, P) …………………………………….. 13.9 ……….. 9,965
South (ESC, WSC, SA) ……………………. 12.9 ……… 14,778
Nation ……………………………………………. 12.4 ……… 38,364
Midwest (WNC, ENC) …………………….. 12.3 ……….. 8,211
Northeast (NE, MA) ………………………….. 9.8 ……….. 5,410
Source: Obtained 18 September 2012 from CDC’s WISQARS
website (fatal injuries report figures)
http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/index.html [Note: divisional figures were
calculated from state and regional data]
[data are by place of residence]
[Suicide = ICD-10 Codes X60-X84, Y87.0, U03]
Note: All rates are per 100,000 population.
* Including the District of Columbia.
————————————————————–
Suicide State Data Page: 2010
21 September 2012
————————————————————– Prepared by John L. McIntosh, Ph.D.
and Christopher W. Drapeau, M.A. for

American Association
of Suicidology 5221 Wisconsin Avenue, N.W.
Washington, DC 20015
(202) 237-2280
“to understand and prevent suicide
as a means of promoting human well-being” ————————————- Visit the AAS website at:
http://www.suicidology.org
For other suicide data, and an archive of state data, visit the website
below and click on the dropdown “Suicide Stats” menu:
http://mypage.iusb.edu/~jmcintos/

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